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              Books by National Research Council

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              Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century

              Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century (Paperback)

              By Committee on Twenty-First Century Systems Agriculture; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Research Council, National

              • RRP: $113.00
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              In the last 20 years, there has been a remarkable emergence of innovations and technological advances that are generating promising changes and opportunities for sustainable agriculture, yet at the same time the agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges. No...t only is the agricultural sector expected to produce adequate food, fiber, and feed, and contribute to biofuels to meet the needs of a rising global population, it is expected to do so under increasingly scarce natural resources and climate change. Growing awareness of the unintended impacts associated with some agricultural production practices has led to heightened societal expectations for improved environmental, community, labor, and animal welfare standards in agriculture. Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century assesses the scientific evidence for the strengths and weaknesses of different production, marketing, and policy approaches for improving and reducing the costs and unintended consequences of agricultural production. It discusses the principles underlying farming systems and practices that could improve the sustainability. It also explores how those lessons learned could be applied to agriculture in different regional and international settings, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. By focusing on a systems approach to improving the sustainability of U.S. agriculture, this book can have a profound impact on the development and implementation of sustainable farming systems. Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century serves as a valuable resource for policy makers, farmers, experts in food production and agribusiness, and federal regulatory agencies. --Publisher's description.
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              ISBN 9780309148962
              Released NZ 15 Jun 2010
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              Strengthening the National Institute of Justice

              Strengthening the National Institute of Justice (Trade Paperback / Paperback)

              By Research Council, National; Committee on Law and Justice; Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Committee on Assessing the Research Program of the National Institute of Justice

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              The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the nation's primary resource for advancing scientific research, development, and evaluation on crime and crime control and the administration of justice in the United States. Headed by a presidentially appointed director, it is one of t...he major units in the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) of the U.S. Department of Justice. Under its authorizing legislation, NIJ awards grants and contracts to a variety of public and private organizations and individuals. At the request of NIJ, Strengthening the National Institute of Justice assesses the operations and quality of the full range of its programs. These include social science research, science and technology research and development, capacity building, and technology assistance.
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              ISBN 9780309156356
              Released NZ 15 Dec 2010
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              Accounting for Health and Health Care: Approaches to Measuring the Sources and Costs of Their Improvement

              Accounting for Health and Health Care: Approaches to Measuring the Sources and Costs of Their Improvement (Trade Paperback / Paperback)

              By Panel to Advance a Research Program on the Design of National Health Accounts; on National Statistics, Committee; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Research Council, National

              • RRP: $79.00
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              It has become trite to observe that increases in health care costs have become unsustainable. How best for policy to address these increases, however, depends in part on the degree to which they represent increases in the real quantity of medical services as opposed to increased ...unit prices of existing services. And an even more fundamental question is the degree to which the increased spending actually has purchased improved health. Accounting for Health and Health Care addresses both these issues. The government agencies responsible for measuring unit prices for medical services have taken steps in recent years that have greatly improved the accuracy of those measures. Nonetheless, this book has several recommendations aimed at further improving the price indices.
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              ISBN 9780309156790
              Released NZ 15 Jan 2011
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              Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report
               

              Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report (Trade Paperback / Paperback)

              By Research Council, National; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; Board on Energy and Environmental Systems; Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 3

              • RRP: $223.99
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              The public-private partnership to develop vehicles that require less petroleum-based fuel and emit fewer greenhouse gases should continue to include fuel cells and other hydrogen technologies in its research and development portfolio. The third volume in the FreedomCAR series sta...tes that, although the partnership's recent shift of focus toward technologies that could be ready for use in the nearer term--such as advanced combustion engines and plug-in electric vehicles--is warranted, R&D on hydrogen and fuel cells is also needed given the high costs and challenges that many of the technologies must overcome before widespread use. The FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Fuel Partnership is a research collaboration among the U.S. Department of Energy, the United States Council for Automotive Research - whose members are the Detroit automakers--five major energy companies, and two electric utility companies. The partnership seeks to advance the technologies essential for components and infrastructure for a full range of affordable, clean, energy efficient cars and light trucks. Until recently, the program primarily focused on developing technologies that would allow U.S. automakers to make production and marketing decisions by 2015 on hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicles. These vehicles have the potential to be much more energy-efficient than conventional gasoline-powered vehicles, produce no harmful tailpipe emissions, and significantly reduce petroleum use. In 2009, the partnership changed direction and stepped up efforts to advance, in the shorter term, technologies for reducing petroleum use in combustion engines, including those using biofuels, as well as batteries that could be used in plug-in hybrid-electric or all electric vehicles.
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              ISBN 9780309156837
              Released NZ 15 Dec 2010
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              Controlling Cost Growth of NASA Earth and Space Science Missions

              Controlling Cost Growth of NASA Earth and Space Science Missions (Paperback)

              By Committee on Cost Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions; Studies Board, Space; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; Research Council, National

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              Cost and schedule growth is a problem experienced by many types of projects in many fields of endeavor. Based on prior studies of cost growth in NASA and Department of Defense projects, this book identifies specific causes of cost growth associated with NASA Earth and space scien...ce missions and provides guidance on how NASA can overcome these specific problems. The recommendations in this book focus on changes in NASA policies that would directly reduce or eliminate the cost growth of Earth and space science missions. Large cost growth is a concern for Earth and space science missions, and it can be a concern for other missions as well. If the cost growth is large enough, it can create liquidity problems for NASA's Science Mission Directorate that in turn cause cost profile changes and development delays that amplify the overall cost growth for other concurrent and/or pending missions. Addressing cost growth through the allocation of artificially high reserves is an inefficient use of resources because it unnecessarily diminishes the portfolio of planned flights. The most efficient use of resources is to establish realistic budgets and reserves and effective management processes that maximize the likelihood that mission costs will not exceed reserves. NASA is already taking action to reduce cost growth; additional steps, as recommended herein, will help improve NASA's mission planning process and achieve the goal of ensuring frequent mission opportunities for NASA Earth and space science. --Publisher's description.
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              ISBN 9780309157377
              Released NZ 15 Oct 2010
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              Final Report of the National Academies' Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee and 2010 Amendments to the National Academies' Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research
               

              Final Report of the National Academies' Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee and 2010 Amendments to the National Academies' Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (Paperback)

              By Research Council, National; Institute of Medicine; on Health Sciences Policy, Board; Division on Earth and Life Studies; on Life Sciences, Board

              • RRP: $61.50
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              In 2005, the National Academies released the book, Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, which offered a common set of ethical standards for a field that, due to the absence of comprehensive federal funding, was lacking national standards for research. In order to ke...ep the Guidelines up to date, given the rapid pace of scientific and policy developments in the field of stem cell research, the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee was established in 2006 with support from The Ellison Medical Foundation, The Greenwall Foundation, and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. As it did in 2007 and 2008, the Committee identified issues that warranted revision, and this book addresses those issues in a third and final set of amendments. Specifically, this book sets out an updated version of the National Academies' Guidelines, one that takes into account the new, expanded role of the NIH in overseeing hES cell research. It also identifies those avenues of continuing National Academies' involvement deemed most valuable by the research community and other significant stakeholders. --Publisher's description.
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              ISBN 9780309156004
              Released NZ 15 Jul 2010
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              Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change
               

              Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change (Paperback)

              By Research Council, National; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate; America's Climate Choices: Panel on Limiting the Magnitude of Climate Change

              • RRP: $164.50
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              Climate change, driven by the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, poses serious, wide-ranging threats to human societies and natural ecosystems around the world. The largest overall source of greenhouse gas emissions is the burning of fossil fuels. The... global atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, the dominant greenhouse gas of concern, is increasing by roughly two parts per million per year, and the United States is currently the second-largest contributor to global emissions behind China. Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change, part of the congressionally requested America's Climate Choices suite of studies, focuses on the role of the United States in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The book concludes that in order to ensure that all levels of government, the private sector, and millions of households and individuals are contributing to shared national goals, the United States should establish a budget that sets a limit on total domestic greenhouse emissions from 2010-2050. Meeting such a budget would require a major departure from business as usual in the way the nation produces and uses energy-and that the nation act now to aggressively deploy all available energy efficiencies and less carbon-intensive technologies and to develop new ones. With no financial incentives or regulatory pressure, the nation will continue to rely upon and lock in carbon-intensive technologies and systems unless a carbon pricing system is established-either cap-and-trade, a system of taxing emissions, or a combination of the two. Complementary policies are also needed to accelerate progress in key areas: developing more efficient, less carbon-intense energy sources in electricity and transportation; advancing full-scale development of new-generation nuclear power, carbon capture, and storage systems; and amending emissions-intensive energy infrastructure. Research and development of new technologies that could help reduce
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              ISBN 9780309145978
              Released NZ 15 Dec 2010
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              Persistent Forecasting of Disruptive Technologies: Report 2

              Persistent Forecasting of Disruptive Technologies: Report 2 (Paperback)

              By Committee on Forecasting Future Disruptive Technologies; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; Research Council, National

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              Accompanying CD-ROM contains figures from chapter 2 and appendix F and transcripts from appendixes D and E.

              ISBN 9780309149044
              Released NZ 15 Jul 2010
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              Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

              Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Trade Paperback / Paperback, 8th Revised edition)

              By Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals; Institute for Laboratory Animal Research; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Research Council, National

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              A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideration input from the scientific and laboratory animal communities and the public at large. The Guide incorporates new scientific ...information on common laboratory animals, including aquatic species, and includes extensive references. It provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities. This updated and expanded resource of proven value will be important to scientists and researchers, veterinarians, animal care personnel, facilities managers, institutional administrators, policy makers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates. --Publisher's description.
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              ISBN 9780309154000
              Released NZ 15 Dec 2010
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              Toxicity-Pathway-Based Risk Assessment: Preparing for Paradigm Change: A Symposium Summary
               

              Toxicity-Pathway-Based Risk Assessment: Preparing for Paradigm Change: A Symposium Summary (Trade Paperback / Paperback)

              By Research Council, National; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology; Standing Committee on Risk Analysis Issues and Reviews; Edited by Mantus, Ellen

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              In 2007, the National Research Council envisioned a new paradigm in which biologically important perturbations in key toxicity pathways would be evaluated with new methods in molecular biology, bioinformatics, computational toxicology, and a comprehensive array of in vitro tests ...based primarily on human biology. Although some considered the vision too optimistic with respect to the promise of the new science, no one can deny that a revolution in toxicity testing is under way. New approaches are being developed, and data are being generated. As a result, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) expects a large influx of data that will need to be evaluated. EPA also is faced with tens of thousands of chemicals on which toxicity information is incomplete and emerging chemicals and substances that will need risk assessment and possible regulation. Therefore, the agency asked the National Research Council to convene a symposium to stimulate discussion on the application of the new approaches and data in risk assessment. The symposium was held on May 11-13, 2009, in Washington, DC, and included presentations and discussion sessions on pathway-based approaches for hazard identification, applications of new approaches to mode-of-action analyses, the challenges to and opportunities for risk assessment in the changing paradigm, and future directions.
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              ISBN 9780309154222
              Released NZ 15 Jun 2010
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              Total 2.58K jump to: go ‹ previous12345...next ›